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Science (K5)

K5 marks the beginning of children’s scientific discovery. They learn to observe the world in a scientific way.

For more information, see A Framework for Science Education.

Scientific and Engineering Practices

Skills needed to do science successfully

  • Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)
  • Developing and using models
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Analyzing and interpreting data
  • Using mathematics and computational thinking
  • Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering)
  • Engaging in argument from evidence
  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Crosscutting Concepts 

Knowledge connecting the sciences

  • Patterns
  • Cause and effect: Mechanism and explanation
  • Scale, proportion, and quantity
  • Systems and system models
  • Energy and matter: Flows, cycles, and conservation
  • Structure and function
  • Stability and change

Physical Science

Focuses on:

  • Structure and Properties of Matter

Life Science

Focuses on:

  • Organisms and Their Environments

Earth and Space Science

Focuses on:

  • Weather

Engineering and Technology

Understanding how the human-built world affects your life   

  • In grades K-5, the core ideas for Engineering, Technology, and the Application of Science are included in the Life Science, Earth & Space Science, and Physical Science standards


Department of Curriculum and Instruction:
Phone: 414-475-8179

© Milwaukee Public Schools 2023
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